Armenia was declared WHO certified malaria-free in 2011 with the last indigenous case being reported in 2005. Armenia had a strong malaria surveillance system as all health treatment facilities - governmental, private entities, and specialized services (like Police, National Security and others) - were required to report detected or suspected malaria cases to the Ministry of Health within 24 hours. Field visits as well as malaria education seminars were also conducted in areas where malaria cases were reported. To reduce the risk of military personnel and border guards contracting malaria during seasons of transmission, they were given malaria prophylaxis (chloroquine) by their respective health services. Additionally, soldiers who returned from malaria endemic areas took primaquine as terminal prophylaxis and were required a completed primaquine treatment card in order to receive their military service pass and benefits, which contributed to compliance estimated at 100%. Treatment of malaria cases employed the Directly Observed Therapy (DOT) strategy which involves having a member of the health care team observe the patient take each dose of each drug. Malaria partners, such as the Agriculture, Education/Science, Economy, Finance and other Ministries, contributed to the rehabilitation of the extensive drainage system in the Ararat Valley to target mosquito breeding sites. Overall, Armenia had strong national malaria control and elimination strategies that involved many partnerships and multiple intersectoral collaborations.

Malaria Incidence in Armenia (2000-2020)

Year Incidence of malaria (per 1,000 population at risk)
2000 0.045934
2001 0.025896
2002 0.017139
2003 0.009609
2004 0.015663
2005 0.002348
2006 Data unavailable
2007 0
2008 0
2009 Data unavailable
2010 0
2011 Data unavailable
2012 0
2013 Data unavailable
2014 0
2015 0
2016 0
2017 0
2018 0
2019 0
2020 Data unavailable
WHO European Region: Armenia


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